Mori Seiki MNV 5000

5-axis machining centers used in the aerospace industry

5-axis machining centers represent a revolution in the manufacture of complex, high-precision components in the aerospace industry. Precision Manufacturing Aerospace (PMA) is a leader in this technology, ensuring exceptional results in the design and production of aerospace parts.

In this article, we explain what this technology is all about.

What are 5-axis machining centers?

5-axis machining centers are advanced machines capable of moving a part or cutting tool in five different directions simultaneously.

This capability allows the manufacturing of parts with complex geometries in a single fixture, ensuring unmatched precision and significantly reducing production times.


Applications in the aerospace industry

5-axis machining centers are used to manufacture everything from structural parts to engine components and landing systems.

  • Aircraft engine components such as fan blades, turbine discs and compressors. These parts require extreme precision to ensure fuel efficiency and flight safety.
  • Airframe structures, including spars, ribs and aircraft skin panels, can be manufactured on these machining centers. The ability to work with lightweight and strong materials, such as aluminum and titanium alloys, is essential for the aerospace industry.
  • Landing systems, such as brackets, wheels and axles. Robustness and reliability are crucial for these parts that support high loads during landing and takeoff.
  • Flight control system components, including actuators, gears and levers, benefit from the precision and versatility offered by these machining centers. Precise manufacturing of these parts is vital to the safety and control of the aircraft.
  • Cabin interiors and avionics, which include instrument panels and brackets for electronic equipment, can also be efficiently fabricated on these machines. The ability to perform detailed work is critical to meet the exact specifications of these components.

Types of 5-axis machining machines

There are several types of 5-axis machining centers, each designed to meet specific needs. The most common include:

Rotary table machines.

In this type, the workpiece is mounted on a table that rotates about two axes (usually A and C). This configuration allows the workpiece to be tilted and rotated, providing multiple access angles for the cutting tool. It is ideal for medium to large parts requiring multi-sided machining.

Rotary head machines

Here, the tool head moves and can tilt in two axes (often B and C), allowing the cutting tool to approach the workpiece from various angles. This configuration is particularly useful for complex workpieces that need machining at difficult angles while keeping the workpiece stationary.

Double Column (or Bridge) Machines

Designed to handle large, heavy workpieces, these machines feature a fixed table and a double-column structure that supports the cutting head. This design provides high stability and rigidity, which is crucial for precision machining of large components.

Universal machines

Combine features of the previous types to offer exceptional versatility. They can include a rotary table and a swivel head, allowing the machine to operate as a rotary table or swivel head machine as required. This flexibility makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, from small, complex parts to larger components.


5-Axis Machining Centers at PMA

PMA uses a range of high-end 5-axis machining centers, including models from MORI-SEIKI (NMV-5000, NT 3200 DCG, NTX 1000) and MAZAK (VARIAXIS-630, VARIAXIS-500), as well as DECKEL MAHO (DMU-160).

These machines allow PMA to carry out complex machining operations, ensuring maximum precision and quality in every part manufactured for the aerospace industry.

For those looking for advanced machining solutions for the aerospace industry, PMA is your ideal partner. Contact us to explore customized solutions to meet your most demanding needs.